EVOLUTION OF STANDARD WEIGHTS IN INDIA
Ever wondered, how the system of weights in our country has evolved?
Do you know we used Ratti Seeds followed by Baats and then finally actual Kilogram Weights before standardisation of Weights or systems came into place?
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History of India’s weights and measurement systems, began 500-600 years ago.
USE OF RATTI
One of the oldest units to measure weight in India is ‘Ratti'. Ratti is actually a seed of a plant which is supposed to have standard (almost) weight. The Ratti system now has its own standard, with one Ratti equaling 0.1215 grams.
INVASION OF MUGHALS AND RISE OF BAAT
The ways to measure weight stayed ambiguous till the Mughals came to and invaded India. The need to change the Ratti system was obvious since it did not follow a standard measure. Therefore the Mughals brought in ‘Baat’. This is very similar to the modern day kilogram weights. The Baat system was meant to be uniform, but then every province started coming up with its own version of Baats. This led to more confusion. Baat eventually came to be called Seer.
BRITISH WEIGHING SYSTEM
With the Britishers ruling in India, they came up with their own weighing system in the country just like they came up with their own system in different quarters. This was relatively more standard compared to previous systems. They came up with "lbs" and "pounds". Under this system we had a variety of weights, with a very significant one bearing an emblem of King George V.
POST INDEPENDENCE ERA
India got the independence in 1947 and since then inherited and continued lot of systems from British time. Weighing was one such. However, in 1958, that is after 11 years after India's independence, the Government then (Republic Government of India) decided to bring end to this whole confusion and came up with a standardised weighing system. This is when the system based on Kilogram came info existence.
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